Types of Child Custody

When a married couple decides to end their marriage, one of the most affected will be their children. After living with both their parents, the impact of seeing them living separately can be too hard for the child. Who gets custody of the kids is one of the most important issues that is addressed in divorce proceedings. The website of Marshall & Taylor PLLC reveals that deciding on child custody involves determining the best interest of the child.

There are different kinds of child custody available for the court to choose from. This type of cases is all about looking after the care and welfare of a child. The parent who gets custody is called the “custodial parent” with whom the child will spend most of his time after the divorce. Initially, it is the parents who will decide who will get custody of the child. If they cannot agree among themselves, this is the only time that the court will intervene.

Physical Custody

Physical custody may either be shared by both parents in a joint physical custody or awarded to only one parent in a sole physical custody agreement. In joint physical custody, the place of residence is shared between the parents in a way that will allow the child to have equal time and contact with their parents. In sole physical custody, the children permanently stay with the custodial parent while the non-custodial parent gets visitation rights.

Legal Custody

In legal custody, one or both parents make major decisions regarding the care or welfare of their child. When one parent decides, it is called sole legal custody. When the court awards joint legal custody, both parents have equal rights with the decision making.

Non-Parent/Third Party Custody

There are instances when custody of the child is awarded to a relative or close friend of the family. In non-parent or third party custody, the person seeking child custody files a petition with the court and pays the filing fees. They also need to have a letter of consent from the parents. The petitioner will then be subjected to a background check and may sometimes be interviewed or have their home inspected.

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Understanding dog behavior

One way of possibly avoiding dog attacks is to understand how a dog is behaving in the presence of other people. Dog-related injuries, unfortunately, affects approximately 4.5 million people in the U.S. every year, the U.S. CDC said. Dog bites are serious, some people suffer disfigurement while others mostly children, die of injuries or infections after such attacks.

Dogs are known for using different body languages to express their behavior. Individuals who have a good understanding of a dog’s behavior may immediately anticipate and act fast. When a barking dog had its tail tucked under and its ears are pointing backward, it might show that the dog is frightened. People should know that frightened dogs may tend to attack to defend themselves. A dog can be considered playful when its tail is wagging and when its head is on the floor with its front paws are lowered pointing outwards. While dogs to be playful, there are times that they become uncontrollable and accidentally cause injury to other persons. Even considered harmless, dogs should not be provoked as they may fight back. When a dog is walking relaxed with its head and tail lowered, it might show that the dog is submissive in nature. Individuals especially children should not be frightened seeing a dog with such behavior as they might just ignore them. A dog that is staring straight to a person’s eye and showing its teeth is showing that it is planning to attack.

The CDC suggest people curl down and protect their head when attacked by a dog. Immediately seek treatment after cleaning bite wounds with soap and water. Notify local agencies regarding the incident mostly if the victim is unsure if the dog had its vaccines. Dog bite victims should note that they may get treatment funds from pet owners who caused their injuries, according to the website of the Abel Law Firm.

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Lawsuits against Volkswagen Continue to be Filed

The emissions test scandal of Volkswagen which exploded in the second half of 2015 left the German automotive giant suffering from significant loss in shares, and despite the latest stock recovery experienced by the company a great number of consumers are considering filing a lawsuit. Today, there are still more people filing lawsuits against Volkswagen, and if you own a diesel-powered Volkswagen vehicle you might be considering of filing one yourself.

The claims against Volkswagen involve installation of prohibited devices to deceive emissions testing. This meant consumers who purchased an illegally hacked vehicle unit that has a rapidly decreasing resale quality and is damaging to the environment. Because of a well-publicized negative effect to the environment, Volkswagens’ disclosure of their developed system on their 2-engine vehicles has lead to little buyers of the affected units, and consumers have little left to do but deal with their vehicle units’ pollution control on their own. This has become the main reason why people have been looking to learn more about Volkswagen lawsuits in order to help them know what their options and possible actions will be.

Despite the admittance of their deceit, Volkswagen has yet to provide consumers a proper and permanent fix to the affected vehicles’ problems. The United States EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) has given the can manufacturer a year to mend the vehicles, and the government is also considering filing a criminal case against Volkswagen aside from the already mounting number of civil lawsuits. Due to the scandal, many Volkswagen owners were quick to sell their vehicles, leading to a possible sharp decline of vehicles that usually had high resale value compared to gasoline-powered competitors. The problem may only be aggravated if the solution that Volkswagen offers will help reduce mileage and performance.

Those who have been affected with the Volkswagen emission scandal can either file a Volkswagen lawsuit on their own or join a class action lawsuit, depending on the damages that they suffered. It may be best to first consult with a lawyer to ensure that you will be guided accordingly.

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What is the Bard G2 IVC Filter?

For individuals looking to prevent pulmonary embolism, the Bard G2 IVC Filter was thought of as a viable option. According to the Habush Habush Rottier website, the Bard IVC Filter is a cage-like device that is implanted into an individual’s inferior vena cava or the vein between the heart and the lungs. The device works by removing blood clots before they can enter the lungs and cause pulmonary embolism. This is especially helpful for individuals who need to have blood clots removed but are unable to take blood-thinning medication as a result of another medical condition.

However, many serious medical problems have been linked to this device, including the device migrating to other areas of the body or becoming fractured inside the body. The company behind the device, C.R. Bard is no stranger to questionable products coming from its factories. In fact, the Bard G2 IVC Filter was a replacement for the Recovery IVC Filter which caused similar health concerns among patients. While Bard claimed the new G2 IVC Filter was a safer option, its questionable practices with the FDA raised concerns. The new device was not properly tested due to a doctrine that allows companies to forego testing if the device is similar enough to another product on the market. Regardless of the doubts with the product and the questionable practices of the company, the new filter hit the market and, unfortunately, caused a number of devastating side effects.

Dangerous side effects of the Bard G2 IVC Filter continue to arise with a 12% rate of filter fracture associated with the device, with only a little over half being able to be successfully removed. If you have been the victim of a Bard G2 IVC Filter, it may be necessary to take action against the party responsible for your suffering.

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Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Process

Chapter 7 bankruptcy is also known as liquidation or straight bankruptcy because bankruptcy trustees may liquidate some property in order to pay creditors. Through Chapter 7 bankruptcy, some or all of debt is discharged within a four to six month time span. The process is simpler than Chapter 13 bankruptcy which requires a repayment plan after meeting with a credit counselor approved by the United States Trustee’s office. Chapter 7 still requires meeting with a credit agency but the repayment process is left in the hands of the courts.

A bankruptcy trustee will be court-appointed to handle your debt. Their primary purpose is seeing that the creditors are paid the maximum possible amount. Bankruptcy trustees generally are paid more when they are able to supply creditors with more money. The most common method for trustees to repay creditors is through liquidation of the debtor’s assets that are not exempt.

Debts that will survive bankruptcy include child support and alimony payments and student loans. Student loans may be discharged by the court under strict guidelines however the occurrence is rare. Creditors may also object to a debt being discharged if the debt was incurred illegally, for example by fraud or malicious intent.

According to the website of attorneys Gagnon, Peacock & Vereeke, P.C., the filing process for bankruptcy is highly complex and may be confusing to the majority of individuals seeking to file. Bankruptcy is a complicated legal and financial matter that requires extensive knowledge about the options of bankruptcy. If you or someone you know is considering bankruptcy, contact a bankruptcy lawyer in your area to discuss your specific circumstance. They may be able to help find the best course of action to save you money and hardship.

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